“I wouldn’t be here today if not for the generosity of strangers,” said Michael Moritz, while announcing a major donation to Oxford University. A former Time Magazine reporter, Mr. Moritz left journalism to become one of the most successful venture capitalists in Silicon Valley. Through Sequoia Capital, the firm be joined in 1986 and has led for many years, Mr. Moritz was an early investor in Google, Yahoo, PayPal and LinkedIn. His personal fortune is estimated at well over $1 billion. Oxford University announced last Wednesday that he and his wife, the novelist Harriet Heyman, donated £75 million, or $115 million, to fund a new scholarship program aimed at providing financial aid to students from low-income backgrounds. Behind the headlines about the size of the gift was a family story of immigration, education and a sense of obligation that transcended generations.
“I grew up in Cardiff, went to an ordinary comprehensive school, and was the only pupil in my year to go to Oxbridge,” Mr. Moritz explained. “My father was plucked as a teenager from Nazi Germany and was able to attend a very good school in London on a Scholarship.” In an interview afterward, Mr. Moritz said that his father, Alfred, had grown up in Munich, where his father was a judge who lost his post when the Nazis came to power. Mr. Moritz’s mother, Doris, was part of the Kinder transport, a rescue effort that took about 9,300 unaccompanied, mostly Jewish children from Germany, Australia, Poland and Czechoslovakia to Britain shortly before the outbreak of World War Ⅱ. “My father’s cousin, Fritz Ursell, was also rescued from terrible circumstances. When he came to Britain, he also benefited from scholarships, and grew up to become a member of the Royal Society,” said Mr. Moritz.
“It is all too easy not to remember,” said Mr. Moritz, who has a history major and the editor of Isis, Oxford’s student literary magazine, as an undergraduate before completing an MBA at the Wharton School of University of Pennsylvania. In May, Mr. Moritz announced that he had been diagnosed with a rare medical condition which is incurable. But he preferred not to name the disease. “I felt I wanted to be my partners and with the public. But I didn’t want every ghoul on the internet following me.”
Charlotte Anderson, a second-year student studying German at Oxford and the first person in her family to go to a university, said that anxiety about taking on debt had nearly kept her from accepting the offer from the school. “It’s great to think that future students who follow me can do so without the fear that I went through.” She said while attending the news conference. Asked whether the university’s campaign to finance student scholarships through private donations rather than government funding meant that Oxford was giving up efforts to secure more public support, the university’s chancellor, Chris Patten, a former Conservative minister to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and John Major, joked that he was “ no longer allowed to have any political views.”
1. According to the passage, Mr. Moritz ( ).
A. graduated from Oxford University with an MBA degree in 1986
B. wanted to do something to repay the help he had once received
C. showed his interest and talent in venture capitalism as a journalist
D. bought early stocks of Google, Yahoo, PayPal and LinkedIn
【答案】B。B选项根据第一段“I wouldn’t be here today if not for the generosity of strangers,” said Michael Moritz, while announcing a major donation to Oxford University.可以推断出他捐款是为了回报当年受到的资助，正确。通过第一段Through Sequoia Capital, the firm be joined in 1986 and has led for many years, Mr. Moritz was an early investor in Google, Yahoo, PayPal and LinkedIn.可知Moritz在1986年加入了红杉资本，而不是当年MBA毕业，且根据第三段可知他的MBA就读于宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院，选项A错误；C选项根据A former Time Magazine reporter, Mr. Moritz left journalism to become one of the most successful venture capitalists in Silicon Valley.并不能够表明当他还是记者的时候就表现了对风投的兴趣，错误；D选项根据第一段Through Sequoia Capital, the firm be joined in 1986 and has led for many years, Mr. Moritz was an early investor in Google, Yahoo, PayPal and LinkedIn.可知Moritz是这几家公司的早期投资者，但是并不代表买的是最早的股票，错误。故正确答案是选项B。
2. It can be inferred from the passage that the family background of Mr. Moritz ( ).
A. showed how scholarship changed his family members’ life.
B. gave him the motive to study hard to be successful.
C. illustrated that his family emphasized on education very much.
D. proved that immigration family can also make great achievements.
3. The word “ghoul” (Para.3) most probably means ( ).
A. an independent journalist or reporter who sells news to websites.
B. a person with an unnaturally strong interest in unpleasant things.
C. a latest news item that released exclusively on the internet.
D. an online link that directs people to the most heated issue.
【答案】B。定位至第三段But he preferred not to name the disease. “I felt I wanted to be my partners and with the public. But I didn’t want every ghoul on the internet following me.”可知Moritz患上了一种疾病，但拒绝说出疾病的名称，他也不想被一些对此有兴趣的人缠上。所以ghoul的含义与B选项“对于别人不愉快的事情有着强烈兴趣的人”相近。选项A的主体指的是“记者”，与句意不符合；选项CD的主体词均是物，不符合句意。故正确答案是选项B。
4. What is the author’s attitude towards the university’s collecting private donations? ( )
5. What’s the main idea of the passage? ( )
A. How education can change a person’s life.
B. Oxford University welcomes the generosity of strangers.
C. An immigration family’s story of success.
D. A large amount of private donation from an Oxford graduate.
【答案】D。根据首尾段首尾句的原则，通过文章首句相关内容可知这篇文章主要介绍了从牛津毕业的Mr. Moritz捐款的故事。选项D：一位牛津毕业生的个人捐款，主体词正确并且符合文章大意，正确。选项A：教育是如何改变了人的命运，主体词扩大，不适合文章大意；选项B：牛津大学欢迎陌生人的慷慨解囊，但是文中提到的Mr. Moritz就是从牛津大学毕业的，并不算是完全的陌生人捐助，错误；选项C：一个移民家庭成功的故事，表述内容太过于广泛，错误。故正确答案是选项D。