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【高频考点】2018银行春招笔试—虚拟语气

2018-04-08 09:10 银行招聘网 http://jinrong.huatu.com 作者:鲁春会 来源:华图金领人
【导读】2018银行春招正在进行时,华图金领人整理了【高频考点】2018银行春招笔试—虚拟语气。

  2018银行春招正在进行时,华图金领人整理了【高频考点】2018银行春招笔试—虚拟语气。

  虚拟语气

  考点特训

  一、虚拟语气

  虚拟语气用于表示主观愿望和假设的虚拟情况。虚拟语气不太顾及事实的存在,它表现出说话人的主观因素比较多。所以说话人所讲的内容往往是与事实相反的,或是其实现的可能性微乎其微,甚至于没有实现的可能性。当然,有时为了使说话的语气客气、缓和、委婉,也使用虚拟语气。

  如:

  I wish you were more careful.

  但愿你更细心一些。

  二、虚拟语气在If条件句中

  if引导的条件状语从句 主句

  与过去事实相反 had + done would/should/could/might have done

  与现在事实相反 were/did would/should/could/might do

  与将来事实相反 should do; were to do;did would do

  (一)与现在事实相反的虚拟语气

  从句:一般过去时(虚拟语气中be→were)

  主句:would(should, could, might)+动词原形

  1.If I saw him now, I would be very happy.

  如果我现在看到他,我会很开心。

  (二)与过去事实相反

  从句:had+过去分词;

  主句:would(should, could, might)+have+过去分词。

  1.If it had not rained yesterday, we would have played football.

  如果昨天没下雨,我们会踢足球。

  (三)与将来事实相反

  从句: should +动词原形/were to+动词原形;

  主句:would(should, could, might)+动词原形。

  1.If it were to snow/should snow tomorrow, we would cancel the 1000-meter race.

  如果明天下雪的话,我们就取消1000米比赛。

  (四)混合条件句

  从句和主句发生的动作在时间上不一致。从句和主句各自向后退一个时态。

  1.If he were alive now, he might have finished his scientific researches on the bridge building three years ago.

  如果他现在还活着,他可能三年前就完成了他的桥梁建筑科研工作了。

  2.If it had not snowed yesterday, we would be on the way to Shanghai.

  要是昨天不下雪的话,我们现在就应该在去上海的路上了。

  高频考题

  1.(2016中国农行)If we were captured, we (    ) drink the poisoned water prepared in advance.

  A. would

  B. will

  C. will have

  D. would have

  【答案】A。if引导的虚拟语气的句子,“如果我们被捕了,我们喝掉提前准备的毒药”。观察发现从句中谓语动词were是过去时态,可知是对现在的虚拟假设,所以主句应该是would do形式,选项A正确。

  2. If he (    ) my advice, he wouldn’t have lost his job.

  A. followed

  B. should follow

  C. had followed

  D. would follow

  【答案】C。if引导的虚拟语气的句子,“如果他当初听从了我的建议,他也就不会丢掉工作了”。观察句子发现主语的谓语动词是would have done形式,可知是对过去的虚拟假设,所以从句应该是had done形式,选项C正确。

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