400-815-1115 注册 登录
您当前位置: 金融招聘 > 银行招聘 > 2018银行招聘考试英语部分-动词的时态语态

2018银行招聘考试英语部分-动词的时态语态

2018-01-11 09:03 银行招聘网 http://jinrong.huatu.com 作者:鲁春会 来源:华图金领人
【导读】英语是银行考试必考的部分,动词的时态语态易出题点为单选或者是完形填空部分,华图金领人整理了相关知识点,考生可以进行参考。

  动词的时态语态

  易出题点为单选或者是完形填空部分,需要判断事情发生的时间。尤其是主句和分句之间的时间关系。注意运用正确时态。黑体部分最常考。(以work为例)

 

现在

过去

将来

过去将来

一般

work(s)

worked

shall/will work

should/would work

进行

am/is/are

working

was/were

working

shall/will be

working

should/would be

working

完成

have/has

worked

had worked

shall/will have

worked

should/would/ could

have worked

完成进行时

have/has been

working

had been

working

shall/will have

been working

should/would have

been working

  (一)现在完成时:have/has done

  表示从过去某一时间开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。+ up to now, so far, already, yet, recently, in the past few years, just以及since引导的状语从句连用。例如:

  他的第一本小说自从上个月出版之后就很受欢迎。

  His first novel has received good reviews since it came out last month.

  (二)过去完成时:had done

  表示过去某一时间或某一动作前已完成的动作或存在的状态。by, by the end of, by the time, before, until+ 过去的时间点

  例:到上学期末我已经放弃那种想法了。

  We had abandoned that notion by the end of last term.

  例:上周三前他们就已经询问过他薪水了。

  They had inquired his salary before last Wednesday.

  (三)现在完成进行时:have/has been doing

  表示从过去某时开始一直延续到现在并可能延续下去的动作。

  例:经理自从上午九点起一直在告诉工人们如何改进项目。

  The manager has been telling the workers how to improve the program since 9 am.

  (四)将来完成进行时:will have done

  表示在将来某一时间之前完成的动作,通常有着明显表示将来时态的时间标志词,如by the next year, by the end of this month等。

  例:By the end of this September, you will have worked in a bank.

  1. — Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4062 (    ) off at 18:20.

  — I will.

  A. takes

  B. took

  C. will be taken

  D. has taken

  【答案】A。客观事实,使用一般现在时,选择A。

  2. I knew my parents (    ) angry if I was found playing computer games too often.

  A. got

  B. had got

  C. were getting

  D. would get

  【答案】D。句意“如果我被发现经常玩电脑的话,我知道我父母会生气的。”if条件句用一般时态代替将来。根据was可知,主句应该用过去将来时。故选D。

  3. The country life he was used to (    ) greatly since the opening policy.

  A. change

  B. has changed

  C. changing

  D. having changed

  【答案】B。The country life 是定语从句的先行词, 同时也是句子的主语。而he was used to是定语从句, 省略了关系代词that/which。后面是since自从, 前面接现在完成时。

  4. No sooner (    ) on board the train than it(    ) to move.

  A. did he go; had started

  B. he went; started

  C. had he gone; started

  D. he had gone; had started

  【答案】C。他刚登上火车,车就开始移动。考查No sooner.... than用法,No sooner后用过去完成时并用部分倒装,than后用一般过去式。

  5. My sister (    ) as a secretary in her company for three years and now she (    ) to the manager of the sales department.

  A. served; has been promoted

  B. had served; has been promoted

  C. has served; has promoted

  D. was serving; has promoted

  【答案】A。be served as表示委任……充当xx职位……。第一个空用过去分词作为非谓语动词,第二个空需要用现在完成时以及被动语态。

  6. Every possible means (    ) to prevent the crash , but the computer doesn’t still work.

  A. is used

  B. are used

  C. has been used

  D. have been used

  【答案】C。考察used用法。Be used to 习惯于某事:被用来做某事;used to do sth过去常常做某事。句意:每一种可能的方法都被用来预防崩溃,但是电脑仍旧不能运行。可知描述的是现在已完成的动作,故用现在完成时态。主语means为不可数名词,不可数故助动词用has,选D。

  7. The days we look forward to (    )at last.

  A. comes

  B. to come

  C. came

  D. coming

  【答案】C。我们期望的日子终于到了。结合语境可知句子描述的是过去发生的动作,故用过去时态,选C。

推荐信息
银行考务详情 查看详情
银行考前预测班 查看详情
各省农信社考情汇总 查看详情
银行校招每日一练 查看详情
全国高校巡回讲座 查看详情
2018银行秋季招聘考试笔试精讲班 查看详情
2017银行从业资格考试押题班 查看详情

华图金融频道微信、qq群请扫一扫——我们随时欢迎您的加入!

(编辑:鲁春会)
2019银行秋招笔试备考—疯狂90晚
华图金领人APP下载